Types Of Robots. Robots Advantages & Disadvantages

Different Types Of Robots

There are lots of Workable Type Robots get in present day in Industrial section. These are some of the types of robots given below:

Articulated: the feature of this robot is its rotary joints and range of these are from 2 to 10 or more joints. The arm is connected to the rotary joint and each joint is known as the axis which provides a range of movements.

Cartesian: these are also known as gantry robots. These have three joints which use the Cartesian coordinate system i.e. x, y, z. These robots are provided at least one rotatory joint and one prismatic joint which are used to connect the links. The use of rotatory joints is to rotate along the axis and prismatic joint used to provide linear prismatic joint used to provide linear motion.

Polar: These are also known as spherical robots. The arm is connected to base with a twisting joint and have a combination of 2 rotatory joint and one linear joint.

Scara: These robots are mainly used in assembly applications. Its arm is in cylindrical in design. It has two parallel joints which are used to provide compliance in one selected plane.

Delta: the structure of these robots are like spider-shaped. They are built by joint parallelograms that are connected to the common base. The parallelogram moves in a dome-shaped work area.

These are mainly used in food and electrical industries.

Scope and limitations of robots:

The advance version of machines are robots which are used to do advanced tasks and are programmed to make decisions on their own. When a robot is designed the most important thing to be kept in mind is that what the function is to be performed and what are the limitations of the robot. Each robot has a basic level of complexity and each of the levels has the scope which limits the functions that are to be performed. For general basic robots, their complexity is decided by the number of limbs, actuators and the sensors that are used while for advanced robots the complexity is decided by the number of microprocessors and microcontroller used. As increasing any component in the robot, it is increasing the scope of the robot and with every joint added, the degree of the robot is enhanced.

Advantages: the advantages of using robots are given below: 

  • .    They can get information than a human can’t get.
  • .   They can perform tasks without any mistakes and very efficiently and fast.
  • .   Maximum robots are automatic, so they can perform different tasks without human interaction.
  • .    Robots are used in different factories to produce items like plane, car parts etc.
  • .   They can be used for mining purposes and can be sent to earth’s nadirs

Disadvantages: the disadvantages of using robots are given below:

  • They need the power supply to keep going. People working in factories may lose those Jobs as robots can replace them.
  • They need high maintenance to keep them working all day long. And the cost of maintaining the robots can be expensive
  • They can store huge amount of data but they are not efficient as our human Brains.
  • As we know that robots work on the Program that has been installed in them. So other than the program installed, robots can’t do anything different.
  • The most important disadvantage is that if the program of robots comes in wrong hands they can cause the huge amount of Destruction.